The city of Makkah where Muhammad lived was a busy centre for trade. People worshipped many different gods and goddesses, often in the form of statues or idols. People mainly cared for making money and the city was very corrupt. Regularly, Muhammad would retreat to a cave on Mt Hira to get some peace and quiet. It was during one of these visits that Muhammad received his first revelation (message) from Allah, through the Angel Jibril. Muhammad couldn’t read or write, yet the angel commanded him to “Read”. At first Muhammad didn’t know what to do but he then realised that he could read. This was the first revelation given to Muhammad.
1. Read: In the Name of your Lord who created.
2. Created man from a clot.
3. Read: And your Lord is the Most Generous.
4. He who taught by the pen.
5. Taught man what he never knew. (sura 96:1-5)
This event became known as the Night of Power and it is celebrated every year during the month of Ramadan. Over the next 23 years, Muhammad received more revelations from Allah. These revelations would eventually be written down in the book that became known as the Qur’an. For Muslims, the Qur’an is extremely important. This is illustrated by the way it is treated with great respect, including how to act when the Qur’an is being read.
When the Quran is recited, listen to it, and pay attention, so that you may experience mercy. (sura 7:204)
The Qur’an gives guidance and hope to believers as well as being the ultimate proof of Muhammad as Allah’s final and most significant prophet.