Ancient philosophical influence

Ancient philosophical influence (Philosophy of Religion 1a)

  1. Who was Plato?
  2. In Plato’s allegory of the cave, how are the prisoners kept?
  3. What do the prisoners in the cave think about the shadows they can see?
  4. When a prisoner is released, what does he come to realise about what he used to think?
  5. When a prisoner is taken from the cave, what does he come to realise?
  6. What do the cave and the upper world represent for Plato?
  7. What is meant by the word ‘phenomena’?
  8. What is meant by the word ‘concept’?
  9. According to Plato, what is a ‘Form’?
  10. How is circularity a Form?
  11. How is beauty a Form?
  12. What are the key characteristics of Forms?
  13. How are Forms known? How are they not known?
  14. What is Platonic dualism?
  15. What does the sun in Plato’s cave allegory represent?
  16. What is the Form of the Good?
  17. Who was Aristotle?
  18. What is reflective categorisation?
  19. What is an empiricist?
  20. According to Aristotle, all things are a combination of what two things?
  21. What are Aristotle’s four causes?
  22. What is a material cause?
  23. What is a formal cause?
  24. What is an efficient cause?
  25. What is a final cause?
  26. Why are Aristotle’s ideas about causation teleological?
  27. What did Aristotle mean by the Prime Mover?
  28. How does the idea of a Prime Mover connect to the idea of final cause?
  29. Why does Plato think we have a soul?
  30. According to Plato, what are the key characteristics of the soul?
  31. According to Plato, what is the soul?
  32. For Aristotle, what is the relationship between the body and the soul?

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