Arguments for the existence of God based on reason

Arguments for the existence of God based on reason      (Philosophy of Religion 2b)

  1. What is meant by a priori evidence?
  2. What is an analytic argument?
  3. What is a synthetic argument?
  4. How does St. Anselm define God?
  5. If we understand the definition of God, where does that definition exist?
  6. What is logically possible concerning the definition of God in our minds?
  7. Why is existing in reality greater than existing in the understanding alone?
  8. Why does St. Anselm argue that God exists in both reality and in the understanding?
  9. What definition of God does St. Anselm use in his second argument?
  10. ­­Which is greater – things that can be thought of as not existing or things that cannot be thought of as not existing? Why?
  11. Why does St. Anselm argue that God cannot be thought of as not existing?
  12. What is meant by reductio ad absurdum?
  13. How does St. Anselm use this technique?
  14. What does Gaunilo argue about the “most excellent island”?
  15. How does this form a criticism of Anselm’s argument?
  16. How would St. Anselm reply to Gaunilo’s criticism?
  17. How does Descartes define God?
  18. Why does Descartes say that we cannot think of God as lacking a perfection?
  19. Thinking of God as not existing is like thinking of a triangle that . . . . . ?
  20. What is a predicate? What is its role?
  21. Why does Kant say that existence is not a predicate?
  22. What does Kant say is the difference between an imaginary hundred dollars and a real hundred dollars?
  23. What does Kant say about the nature of the claim that ‘God exists’?
  24. How might someone reply to Kant’s criticism?
  25. What does it mean to say that the ontological argument is a circular argument?
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