Problem of suffering

Problem of suffering       (Philosophy of Religion 3b)

  1. What does the logical problem of evil claim?
  2. Which three propositions form the inconsistent triad?
  3. What does Mackie claim about believing the three propositions of the inconsistent triad?
  4. How does St. Thomas Aquinas state the logical problem of evil?
  5. What does the evidential problem of evil claim?
  6. Which philosopher is most associated with the evidential problem of evil?
  7. Why is pointless suffering a problem for theism?
  8. How does the example of the fawn help Rowe illustrate the idea of pointless suffering?
  9. According to Rowe, in what circumstance would God not intervene to stop evil, and why is this unreasonable to believe in?
  10. What is a theodicy?
  11. Who was St. Augustine?
  12. What does ‘omnis natura bonum est’ mean?
  13. What does it mean to say that creation is mutable?
  14. Why does St. Augustine say evil is not a substance?
  15. How does St. Augustine define evil?
  16. What is the role of free will in explaining the origin of evil?
  17. What decisions do Adam and Eve and Lucifer make using their free will?
  18. How does St. Augustine explain moral evil?
  19. How does St. Augustine explain natural evil?
  20. How does the Augustinian theodicy respond to the logical problem of evil?
  21. How does the Augustinian theodicy respond to the evidential problem of evil?
  22. What logical objection is there to the Augustinian theodicy?
  23. How would St. Augustine respond to the criticism that his theodicy contains a contradiction?
  24. What is Mackie’s objection to the Augustinian theodicy?
  25. How would St. Augustine respond to Mackie’s objection?
  26. How can the Augustinian theodicy be criticised with scientific evidence?
  27. What moral objection is there to the Augustinian theodicy?
  28. Which philosopher is associated with the ‘vale of soul-making’ theodicy?
  29. Which philosopher was Hick developing in his theodicy?
  30. What is Hick’s idea of the two-stage creation?
  31. In Hick’s theodicy, what is the first stage of creation?
  32. In Hick’s theodicy, what is the second stage of creation?
  33. Describe the change that the second stage of creation brings.
  34. In Hick’s theodicy, why can God not complete the second stage of creation?
  35. What does Hick claim about the value of ‘attained goodness’?
  36. According to Hick, how does ‘attained goodness’ justify the existence of suffering?
  37. According to Hick, what is God’s purpose in creation?
  38. How does the parent-child example illustrate Hick’s point about God’s purpose in creation?
  39. What does it mean to say that evil is the means of our development?
  40. How does the story of the King and the Peasant Girl illustrate the importance of free will?
  41. According to Hick, why did God not create a paradise world?
  42. According to Hick, why does there need to be an afterlife?
  43. How does Hick’s theodicy answer the logical problem of evil?
  44. How does Hick’s theodicy answer the evidential problem of evil?
  45. How does the claim that there is excessive suffering criticise Hick’s theodicy?
  46. Why would some people object to the idea that evil is necessary for human development?
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