Islam: beliefs and teachings 4 – HOLY BOOKS

Holy or Divine Books

The Qur’an

  • Viewed as the direct Word of Allah given to Muhammad. It is without error. It is therefore the most important book for Muslims.
  • Seen as the final revelation of Allah which replaces previous books such as the Torah and Gospel.
  • Influences a person throughout their life, birth, marriage, death and daily prayers
  • Contains the legal system of Islam (Shari’ah Law)
  • Explains why the world and mankind are here. Establishes Allah as the ultimate source of authority and power.
  • To show their faith a Muslim may learn the Qur’an off by heart. This is viewed as an act of dedication to Allah. A person who has achieved this is called a Hafiz.
  • Due to the Qur’an being considered the exact Word of Allah it is treated with great respect. When being read it will be placed on a stand and a Muslim will wash before reading it. When not in use it is placed on a high shelf and in a cover to protect it.

 

Torah (Tawrat)

Given to Moses who is also considered a prophet in Islam as well as the founder of Judaism. The Torah is referred to in the Qur’an as ‘Guidance and light’.

 

The Scrolls of Abraham

“Verily, this is the earliest scripture, the scripture of Ibrahim and Musa (Moses) ” (Qur’an 87). Given to Abraham by Allah. These scrolls are considered lost today.

 

Psalms (Zabur)

A collection of prayers to Allah by David who was considered the greatest Jewish King. They offer guidance.

 

Gospel (Injil)

This is the good news about Jesus who is also considered a prophet in Islam. Muslims believe that Jesus was not the Son of God and did not die to save the sins of mankind since only Allah does this.

 

 

What is the significance of these books?
  • The Qur’an is the final and correct message from Allah. It puts right the errors found in the earlier holy books.
  • Muslims respect these books and they are referred to in the Qur’an which shows their importance.
  • All books contain the same message of monotheism showing a consistency between prophets and the message they brought.

Shows that Judaism, Christianity and Islam are linked as the Western Religions. They share a common history and similar beliefs.

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