Islam: beliefs and teachings – REVISION QUESTIONS

  1. What is the Arabic word for the oneness of God?
  2. What does sura 112 of the Qur’an tell us about the nature of God?
  3. What is shirk and why is it such a serious sin for Muslims?
  4. What is the Shahadah?
  5. What are the two key beliefs stated in the Shahadah?
  6. Briefly outline the events of the Night of Power.
  7. Why are the events of the Night of Power significant for Muslims?
  8. What is the Arabic word for prophecy?
  9. What is the Arabic word for a prophet?
  10. List three things that Muslims might believe about Adam.
  11. Why is Ibrahim considered an important prophet in Islam?
  12. List three things that Muslims believe about Muhammad.
  13. Name three prophets in Islam other than Adam, Ibrahim and Muhammad.
  14. What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
  15. What do Muslims believe that Qur’an contains?
  16. What does the word ‘revelation’ mean?
  17. What is an authority?
  18. Why is the Qur’an an authority for Muslims?
  19. Name three holy books in Islam, apart from the Qur’an. Add the name of the prophet who received each of these messages.
  20. What issue caused the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims?
  21. What is a Caliph?
  22. What is meant by the word ‘imamate’?
  23. What do Shia Muslims believe about the Imams?
  24. What do Shia Muslims believe about the Mahdi?
  25. What are the six articles of faith for Sunni Muslims?
  26. What are the five roots of Usul ad Din for Shia Muslims?
  27. What does ‘nature of God’ mean?
  28. What does it mean to say that God is omnipotent?
  29. What does it mean to say that God is the creator?
  30. What does it mean to say that God is beneficent?
  31. What does it mean to say that God is merciful?
  32. What does it mean to say that God is compassionate?
  33. What does it mean to say that God is just?
  34. What does it mean to say that God is transcendent?
  35. What does it mean to say that God is immanent?
  36. What word do Shia Muslims use to describe God’s justice?
  37. What are the words of the Bismillah?
  38. How many names do Muslims traditionally use for Allah?
  39. What is the Arabic word for angel?
  40. List three things about angels according to Islamic teaching.
  41. Which angel is believed to be chief angel, responsible for giving messages to prophets?
  42. Which angel is believed to look after heaven and keep out the Devil?
  43. What word means the belief that all events are planned and controlled by God?
  44. What is the Arabic word for predestination?
  45. What is the Arabic phrase for ‘if God wills it’?
  46. What does Islam teach about human free will?
  47. List three things that Muslims believe will happen at the Day of Judgement.
  48. What do Muslims believe happens to those who die before the Day of Judgment?
  49. What is the Arabic word for the belief in life after death?
  50. What is resurrection?
  51. List three adjectives the Qur’an uses to describe heaven.
  52. List three adjectives the Qur’an uses to describe hell.
  53. What do Muslims believe about this life in relation to the life after death?

If you want to see these questions, along with their answers, then try this quiz on Quizlet.

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