Conflict – disagreement, which can lead to fighting or war
Justice – in relation to war has two parts – to put right injustice eg abuse of power by a dictator and to carry out fighting in a just or right way eg Just War Theory
Peace – to live in harmony with all people without fear and violence
Forgiveness – letting go of anger towards someone or a group of people for what they have done wrong. In relation to war, forgiveness might be linked to individuals or on a much larger scale eg forgiveness following mass genocide
Reconciliation – to rebuild a relationship. Reconciliation is very important following conflict
Terrorism – an act of violence designed to create panic and fear
Terrorist – a person who carries out acts of terror
Holy War – a war fought in the name of God; believing God has sanctioned the war
Just War – a war fought under the just war criteria eg started and controlled by the government
Pacifism – belief that all war and killing is wrong
Conscientious Objector – a person who refuses to fight in a war when conscripted as it goes against their conscience. Many conscientious objectors were religious eg Muhammad Ali/Quaker Christians
WMD – Weapon of mass destruction. Could be nuclear, biological or chemical. They are designed to kill large numbers of people
Protest – voicing disagreement over something
Christianity – God wants human beings to live together in peace and justice. If war is necessary it should be fought justly to establish the greater good. Christianity has a long history of pacifism.
Islam – Muslims should strive for justice which can mean armed conflict but violence is condemned and wars should be carried out in the right way to achieve freedom.
Exam Tip – Make sure you know the definitions of the key words above.