Religion, Peace and Conflict – REVISION QUESTIONS

  1. What does the word ‘justified’ mean?
  2. Why did Nelson Mandela think that violent protest might be justifiable?
  3. Why did Nelson Mandela change and use non-violent protest?
  4. Why did Martin Luther King use non-violent protest?
  5. What is meant by the word ‘peace’?
  6. What is meant by the word ‘reconciliation’?
  7. What is meant by the word ‘justice’?
  8. What is meant by the word ‘forgiveness’?
  9. What does Islam teach about peace?
  10. What does Islam teach about reconciliation?
  11. What does Islam teach about justice?
  12. What does Islam teach about forgiveness?
  13. What does Christianity teach about peace?
  14. What does Christianity teach about reconciliation?
  15. What does Christianity teach about justice?
  16. What does Christianity teach about forgiveness?
  17. What are the different Christian interpretations of the quote, ‘Blessed are the peacemakers’?
  18. What does ‘turn the other cheek’ mean?
  19. What does ‘all who draw the sword will die by the sword’ mean?
  20. How might the story of Jesus ‘cleansing the temple’ be used to argue that violence might be justified?
  21. According to sura 9 of the Qur’an, in what circumstances is violence justified?
  22. According to sura 9 of the Qur’an, who should and who should not be fought against?
  23. The Qur’an says, ‘do not kill . . . except in the course of justice’ (sura 17:33). What does this mean?
  24. What are the four key principles of the Law of Armed Conflict?
  25. Why do some people say the Iraq War 2003 was caused by self-defence?
  26. Why do some people say the Iraq War 2003 was caused by retaliation?
  27. Why do some people say the Iraq War 2003 was caused by greed?
  28. What does the word ‘pacifism’ mean?
  29. What Christian group is most linked with pacifism?
  30. List three quotes Christians might use to argue in favour of pacifism.
  31. What is a conscientious objector?
  32. Name one anti-war organisation and describe how it campaigns against war.
  33. What is meant by the term ‘Just War’?
  34. What does ‘jus ad bellum’ mean?
  35. What are the 5 conditions of jus ad bellum?
  36. What does ‘jus in bello’ mean?
  37. What are the two conditions of jus in bello?
  38. What mnemonic can you use to remember the 7 conditions of the Just War?
  39. What do Christians mean by a holy war?
  40. Why are the Crusades seen as an example of a holy war?
  41. How did the Crusaders show they were taking part in what they believed was a holy war?
  42. According to the Qur’an, what are the reasons for war being justified?
  43. According to the Qur’an, who should and who should not be fought against in a war?
  44. What is meant by the term ‘greater jihad’?
  45. What is meant by the term ‘lesser jihad’?
  46. What is the Christian attitude to terrorism?
  47. What does Islam teach about terrorism?
  48. Name three types of weapon of mass destruction?
  49. Give two reasons why Christians might be opposed to weapons of mass destruction.
  50. Give two reasons why Muslims might be opposed to weapons of mass destruction.
  51. Give two reasons for arguing that religion is a cause of war.
  52. Give two reasons for arguing that religion is not a cause of war.
  53. How does the Corrymeela community help those who have suffered due to conflict?
  54. How do Christian Aid and Islamic Relief help victims of war in Syria?

To see these questions, along with their answers, have a look at this quiz on Quizlet.

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