The First Cause Argument
Everything exists in chains of cause and effect. You cannot trace each chain back infinitely; there must be a starting point or ‘first cause’, which starts everything off. For Christians, this ‘first cause’ must be ‘uncaused’ therefore the ‘uncaused cause’ is God.
Many people would say that the First Cause Argument is more convincing than the Design Argument. It appears more scientific in its approach linked to cause and effect. We see cause and effect every day. It is also possible to combine an idea of God and science using this argument. God started the Big Bang.
Problems with the First Cause Argument
- Why does the first cause have to be God? Who caused God? Aquinas stated that ‘all people’ recognize the uncaused cause to be God. Do they?
- Why couldn’t there be more than one cause?
- Science suggests that things are more random than we first thought. This argument is too rigid.
A similar version of this argument exists in Islam. It is called the Kalaam Argument:
- Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
- The universe began to exist (it is not infinite)
- Therefore, the universe has a cause.
- This cause is God.