Religious Language (Philosophy of Religion 5)
- Briefly outline the problems of religious language with reference to two examples.
- What does the apophatic way claim? By what other name is this approach known?
- What does the cataphatic way claim? By what other name is this approach known?
- What is an analogy? When do we ordinarily use analogy?
- What does Aquinas mean when he claims that talk about God is analogical?
- How does the analogy of proper proportion work?
- How does the analogy of attribution work?
- How might the phrase ‘God is loving’ be an analogical phrase? (Show both proportion and attribution)
- According to apophatic theology, why can we not talk of God directly or positively?
- How does the apophatic approach help to avoid the problems of talking positively about God?
- According to Moses Maimonides, what is the danger of using positive language about God?
- How does the apophatic method work? Where can it take us to?
- Why is the apophatic approach known to employ an ‘agnostic spirit’?
- Which philosopher argues that religious language is symbolic?
- What is the function of both signs and symbols?
- What do symbols do that signs do not?
- What does the use of symbolic language lead to in the understanding of God?