20th century perspectives on religious language

20th century perspectives on religious language    (Philosophy of Religion 6)

  1. What is logical positivism? Which British philosopher is most associated with this idea?
  2. What is an analytic statement? Give an example.
  3. What is a synthetic statement? Give an example.
  4. What does the verification principle claim?
  5. What does the verification principle claim about religious language, and why?
  6. Why might some claim that the verification principle is a useful way of looking at religious language?
  7. What self-inflicted problem does the verification principle face?
  8. What problem does the verification principle face with some scientific, historical and psychological statements?
  9. What is eschatology?
  10. How does Hick’s claim of eschatological verification allow religious language to meet the challenge of the verification principle?
  11. How might a logical positivist respond to the idea of eschatological verification?
  12. What does it mean to falsify something?
  13. Which philosopher proposed the falsification principle?
  14. State the falsification principle.
  15. What does Flew claim happens to meaning through ‘the death by a thousand qualifications’?
  16. What does Flew claim is the response of religious believers to attempts to falsify their beliefs? Give an example.
  17. What does the falsification principle claim about religious language, and why?
  18. How does Swinburne respond to the falsification principle?
  19. What claim of the falsification principle is Swinburne objecting to?
  20. Which philosopher proposed the idea of ‘bliks’?
  21. What is a blik?
  22. What is the function of a blik?
  23. How does the idea of bliks allow Hare to respond to the falsification principle?
  24. Which philosopher proposed the Parable of the Freedom Fighter (or Partisan)?
  25. According to Mitchell, what is the response of believers to evidence that questions their beliefs?
  26. How does Mitchell’s claim form a response to the falsification principle?
  27. What is cognitive language?
  28. What is non-cognitive language?
  29. According to Randall, what are the four functions of religious language?
  30. How does the claim that religious language is non-cognitive respond to the verification and falsification principle?
  31. Which philosopher proposed the idea of language games?
  32. What did Wittgenstein mean by ‘lebensform’?
  33. What did Wittgenstein mean by ‘don’t ask for meaning, ask for use’?
  34. How does the idea of language games help religious language to have meaning?
  35. According to D. Z. Philips, what does the word ‘eternity’mean?
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