Meta-ethics    (Religion and Ethics 4)

  1. What does the phrase meta ethics mean?
  2. How is meta ethics different to normative ethics?
  3. What approaches on this do you need to know for the exam?
  4. Ethical Naturalists would say that good is just another what?
  5. Give two examples of a naturalistic ethical theory.
  6. How could you either use Stalin or stem cell research as an example to illustrate ethical naturalism?
  7. Hume – What is Hume’s Law or Hume’s guillotine?
  8. What view did Philippa Foot hold?
  9. What is meant by the term naturalistic fallacy?
  10. What colour did Moore use to illustrate this point?
  11. What did HA Pritchard state about two kinds of thinking?
  12. Who is the main proponent of Intuitionism?
  13. What are Prima Facie Duties? Give two examples.
  14. Which key philosophical group developed the notion of logical positivism?
  15. Who is the main Emotivist thinker?
  16. Would an Emotivist say a moral statement has meaning or not? Why?
  17. How could you apply the Verification Principle to moral statements?
  18. How did CL Stevenson develop Ayer’s ideas?
  19. Give two strengths of Naturalism
  20. Give two weaknesses of Naturalism
  21. Give two strengths of Intuitionism
  22. Give two weaknesses of Intuitionism
  23. Give two strengths of Emotivism
  24. Give two weaknesses of Emotivism
  25. Out of the three approaches which ones would be classed as objective or subjective?
  26. Are moral statements meaningful for a Naturalist? Why?
  27. Are moral statements meaningful for an Intuitionist?
  28. Are moral statements meaningful for an Emotivist?

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