Past paper questions
2019 (AS and A Level)
- ‘Good business decisions are always good ethical decisions.’ Discuss.
- To what extent is Kantian ethics too reliant on reason in moral decision-making?
- Assess the view that the approach taken by Fletcher’s situation ethics makes moral decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective.
- ‘Natural law provides the best approach to sexual ethics.’ Discuss.
- Assess the view that utilitarianism does not help with business ethics.
- ‘The terms good, bad, right and wrong reflect only what is in the mind of the person using them.’ Discuss.
- To what extent is Freud’s psychological approach to conscience the most helpful approach?
2018 (AS and A Level)
- ‘Voluntary euthanasia is always morally acceptable.’ Discuss.
- ‘The concept of agape gives no help at all in moral decision-making.’ Discuss.
- Critically assess the view that utilitarianism provides a helpful way to make moral decisions.
- Evaluate Aquinas’ theological approach to conscience.
- ‘“Good” is meaningful.’ Discuss.
- Assess the view that natural law is of no help with regard to the issue of euthanasia.
- ‘Kantian ethics provides the best approach to business ethics.’ Discuss.
Other possible questions
- To what extent is Aquinas’ natural law a helpful method of moral decision-making when it comes to Assisted Dying? 
- Critically assess the view that something or someone being good depends on its success or failure in achieving its telos. 
- To what extent is it fair to say that the universe as a whole – including human nature – is inclined towards the good? 
- Is the principle of double effect an adequate defense? 
- Situation ethics provides the most helpful method of moral decision-making. Discuss. 
- To what extent does something being good, bad, right or wrong depend on the extent to which, in any given situation, agape is best served? 
- Is it fair to say that, given his misunderstanding of the Christian concept of agape, Fletcher’s Situation Ethics is merely a version of Utilitarianism? 
- Situation ethics is an unhelpful approach because it renders decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective. Discuss. 
- Kantian ethics provides a helpful method of moral decision-making when it comes to Business. Discuss. 
- Does goodness depend on doing one’s duty? 
- Critically assess the view that Kantian ethics is too abstract to be applicable to practical moral decision-making. 
- “Kantian ethics is so reliant on reason that it unduly rejects the importance of other factors, such as sympathy, empathy and love in moral decision-making.” Evaluate this claim. 
- Utilitarianism is unhelpful when making decisions about sex. Discuss. 
- The right action is always that action which makes most people happy. Discuss. 
- Utilitarianism fails because it is impossible to measure pleasure. Critically evaluate this view. 
- Assess the view that Natural law is a more helpful approach to euthanasia than situation ethics. 
- The religious concept of sanctity of life has no meaning in twenty-first century medical ethics! Discuss. 
- To what extent should a person have complete autonomy in medical decision-making? 
- Is there really a moral difference between killing somebody and letting somebody die? 
- “Utilitarianism a more practical way of making decisions in business ethics than Kantian Ethics!” Discuss 
- The concept of corporate social responsibility is nothing more than ‘hypocritical window-dressing’ covering the greed of a business intent on making profits. Critically assess this view. 
- Capitalism stands against human flourishing! Discuss. 
- To what extent is it possible to be a good consumer? 
- To what extent does globalisation encourage the pursuit of good ethics as the foundation of good business? 
- Is “what does “good” mean?” the most important question for the 21st Century Moral Philosopher? 
- Saying that an action is “wrong” is meaningless! Discuss. 
- Everybody knows what is right and what is wrong! Discuss. 
- Critically compare Aquinas and Freud on the concept of guilt. 
- To what extent is Freud’s account of conscience more convincing than that of Aquinas?
- Is the voice of conscience the same as the voice of reason? 
- To what extent is conscience the product of education? 
- “We are all determined by our genes.” To what extent is this a fair claim? 
- Religion should have no place in 21st Century sexual ethics. Evaluate this claim. 
- “Decisions about sex are personal and private; they are nobody else’s business.” Critically assess this statement. 
- To what extent are normative theories useful in making decisions in sexual ethics? 
with thanks to Charlotte Vardy for many of these questions