Religious Experience

Religious Experience       Philosophy of Religion 3a   Who was William James?What is the name of his important book on religious experience? Why does William James see religious experience as the most important part of religion? How common are religious experiences?What statistics can you use to support this answer? What is a conversion? What are the… Read More Religious Experience

Developments in Christian Thought exam questions

Past paper questions 2019 (AS and A Level) Critically discuss Jesus’ parable of The Sheep and the Goats (Matthew 25:31–46). ‘Jesus’ miracles demonstrate that he was the Son of God.’ Discuss. Assess the view that Bonhoeffer’s theology puts too much emphasis on suffering. ‘Humans have an innate knowledge of God.’ Discuss. Discuss the view that… Read More Developments in Christian Thought exam questions

Religion and ethics exam questions

Past paper questions 2019 (AS and A Level) ‘Good business decisions are always good ethical decisions.’ Discuss. To what extent is Kantian ethics too reliant on reason in moral decision-making? Assess the view that the approach taken by Fletcher’s situation ethics makes moral decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective. ‘Natural law provides the best approach to… Read More Religion and ethics exam questions

Philosophy of religion exam questions

Past paper questions June 2019 (AS and A level questions) Critically discuss the theodicy of Augustine. To what extent does Plato successfully explain the relationship between the body and the soul? ‘Aquinas’ Fifth Way does not demonstrate the existence of God.’ Discuss. How successfully does the language games concept make sense of religious language? Critically compare… Read More Philosophy of religion exam questions

Christian moral action

Christian Moral Action      (Developments in Christian Thought 3b) What were Dietrich Bonheoffer’s main works? Give one Bonheoffer quote you could use in the exam. What did he mean by ‘Comfortable Christianity’? What two churches existed in Germany at the time? What viewpoint did they each take? How are obedience and leadership linked? Why… Read More Christian moral action

Christian moral principles

Christian Moral Principles    (Developments in Christian Thought 3a) What four sources of moral authority might a Christian refer to when making a decision? What is the difference between propositional and non propositional revelation? Those who take a propositional view of the Bible will believe what? Give two strengths of this view. Give two weaknesses of… Read More Christian moral principles

Gender and society

Gender and society                                                    Developments in Christian Thought 5a What is meant by the term gender? What is gender biology? What is gender identification? What is gender expression? What is meant by the term patriarchy? What is meant by the term feminism? What is socialisation? Give examples of changes in the status of women… Read More Gender and society

Sexual ethics

Sexual ethics    (Religion and Ethics 6) What is marriage? What are the ‘Goods of Marriage’? What does it mean to say that marriage is a sacrament or covenant? What is the traditional Christian view on premarital sex? Do you have a quote for this? How have social attitudes towards premarital sex and cohabitation changed?… Read More Sexual ethics

Meta-ethics

Meta-ethics    (Religion and Ethics 4) What does the phrase meta ethics mean? How is meta ethics different to normative ethics? What approaches on this do you need to know for the exam? Ethical Naturalists would say that good is just another what? Give two examples of a naturalistic ethical theory. How could you either… Read More Meta-ethics

Conscience

Conscience    (Religion and Ethics 5) Which two scholars do you need to be able to discuss in relation to conscience? What is ratio? What is Synderesis? What is meant by the terms vincible and invincible ignorance? What quote from John Henry Newman could you include in an essay on conscience? What is Conscientia? Give… Read More Conscience

Business Ethics

Business Ethics   (Religion and Ethics 3b) What is meant by the term CSR? What is meant by the terms Stakeholder/Shareholder? What is Milton Friedman’s view on the purpose of business? What is Solomon’s view on business and business ethics? Give two reasons why a business might emphasise CSR? What problems might CSR cause a… Read More Business Ethics

Euthanasia

Euthanasia     (Religion and Ethics 3a) What is meant by the term Sanctity of Life? Give two examples of quotes you could use to show the Sanctity of Life Why might some argue that Sanctity of Life is still relevant in the modern world? Why might some argue that Sanctity of Life is no… Read More Euthanasia

Kantian ethics

Kantian ethics       (Religion and Ethics 2a) What kind of theory is Kantian Ethics? What is the moral law? What did Kant mean when he referred to the good will and duty? What is meant by the term a posteriori knowledge? What is meant by the term a priori knowledge? What type of… Read More Kantian ethics

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism     (Religion and Ethics 2b) Which two thinkers do you need to know about for the exam? What kind of theory is Utilitarianism? What is meant by the term Principle of Utility? What are the steps of the Hedonic Calculus? Explain each one fully. What type of Utilitarianism is Bentham’s? How does Mill… Read More Utilitarianism

Situation Ethics

Situation Ethics      (Religion and Ethics 1b) What type of theory is Situation Ethics? Draw a basic diagram to illustrate the ‘spectrum’ that Fletcher referred to. What is Agape? Who is the ultimate example of Agape? What happened in the story of Jesus on the Sabbath? What are the Four Working Principles? Give an… Read More Situation Ethics