Atheism (AP2)

In this blog we are going to look at the important idea of atheism, understanding both what the world means and the different types of atheism. Before we focus on atheism, let’s look at the term ‘theism’.  Theism comes from the Greek work theos meaning God, so theism is the idea or belief in God.… Read More Atheism (AP2)

Religious responses to the rise of atheism: science (AP4)

The scientific challenge to theism centres on the replacing of supernatural explanations with natural explanations, including ideas such as Copernicus’ heliocentric model and Darwin’s theory of evolution. The religious response to this argues that none of these natural explanations proves that God does not exist.  In fact, scientific theories such as the theory of evolution… Read More Religious responses to the rise of atheism: science (AP4)

Religious responses to the rise of atheism: empiricism (AP6)

The empiricists claim that since knowledge can only come from the senses and there is no sensory information about God, knowing anything about God, including God’s existence is impossible. However, theists have made number of responses to this, the first of which focuses on Ayer’s Verification Principle. Ayer argued that religious language was meaningless as… Read More Religious responses to the rise of atheism: empiricism (AP6)

Reasons for the rise of atheism: rebellion against moral absolutes (AP7)

In morality, an absolute is a rule that cannot be broken.  There are no circumstances in which the rule can be changed; it must be obeyed. Moral relativism on the other hand, relates what is right and wrong to the situation or the circumstances. The 1960s in particular is seen as a very important time… Read More Reasons for the rise of atheism: rebellion against moral absolutes (AP7)

Reasons for the rise of atheism: the Problem of Evil (AP9)

Evil can be seen in many forms.  From the spreading of hurtful gossip to the mass torture and execution of prisoners, from a common cold through to the most dreadful diseases, from homes being flooded to earthquakes causing the death of thousands. For religious believers in the God of classical theism (Christianity, Islam and Judaism)… Read More Reasons for the rise of atheism: the Problem of Evil (AP9)

Religious responses to the rise of atheism: the problem of evil (AP10)

The problem of evil is perhaps the most challenging problem faced by theists.  Why does God allow evil?  The atheist response that God does not exist and so cannot stop evil provides a compelling argument against theism, but for nearly the whole history of Christianity, theologians have sought to justify why God would allow evil.… Read More Religious responses to the rise of atheism: the problem of evil (AP10)

Reasons for the rise of atheism: the awareness of other faiths (AP11)

Prior to the twentieth century, knowledge of other religions was very limited.  With the increasing ease of worldwide travel and the greater study of different faiths, many more people are aware of multiple faiths.  In a society such as the UK which has become multicultural to an extent, many of these religions, beliefs and practices… Read More Reasons for the rise of atheism: the awareness of other faiths (AP11)