Developments in Christian Thought exam questions

Past paper questions 2019 (AS and A Level) Critically discuss Jesus’ parable of The Sheep and the Goats (Matthew 25:31–46). ‘Jesus’ miracles demonstrate that he was the Son of God.’ Discuss. Assess the view that Bonhoeffer’s theology puts too much emphasis on suffering. ‘Humans have an innate knowledge of God.’ Discuss. Discuss the view that… Read More Developments in Christian Thought exam questions

Religion and ethics exam questions

Past paper questions 2019 (AS and A Level) ‘Good business decisions are always good ethical decisions.’ Discuss. To what extent is Kantian ethics too reliant on reason in moral decision-making? Assess the view that the approach taken by Fletcher’s situation ethics makes moral decision-making entirely individualistic and subjective. ‘Natural law provides the best approach to… Read More Religion and ethics exam questions

Philosophy of religion exam questions

Past paper questions June 2019 (AS and A level questions) Critically discuss the theodicy of Augustine. To what extent does Plato successfully explain the relationship between the body and the soul? ‘Aquinas’ Fifth Way does not demonstrate the existence of God.’ Discuss. How successfully does the language games concept make sense of religious language? Critically compare… Read More Philosophy of religion exam questions

Religion and Ethics revision questions

Aquinas Natural Moral Law Fletcher’s Situation Ethics Deontological Kantian Ethics Teleological ethics – Utilitarianism Euthanasia Business Ethics Ethical language – Meta-ethics Conscience – Aquinas’ theological approach and Freud’s psychological approach Sexual Ethics

Soul, mind and body

Soul, mind and body  (Philosophy of Religion 1b)  In philosophy of mind, what is monism? In philosophy of mind, what is dualism? In philosophy of mind, what is substance dualism? Which philosopher is most connected with substance dualism? Outline Descartes’ conceivability argument? Outline Descartes’ divisibility argument? How does Descartes explain the relationship between mind and… Read More Soul, mind and body

The value of the cosmological argument for faith CA3

In previous posts, our attention has been on the cosmological argument, its strengths and weaknesses, its proposition and objections.  In this final post, we leave that discussion behind us a little to consider what value the argument has when we think of religious faith. Does the argument strengthen faith?  Or does it weaken faith?  Could… Read More The value of the cosmological argument for faith CA3

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – going beyond the evidence CA2(iii)

The Cosmological Argument is an a posteriori argument, meaning it follows on after evidence.  It is an argument based on evidence.  In this case, the evidence presented to us is in the form of observations of the world around us, observations of motion, causation and contingency. Aquinas essentially argues that all of these observations need explaining.… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – going beyond the evidence CA2(iii)

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the fallacy of composition CA2(ii)

This objection states that the cosmological arguments commits a fallacy of composition. What is a fallacy of composition and how does it relate to the cosmological argument? Firstly, the word fallacy.  A fallacy is a false idea, belief or notion.  It literally means ‘a deception’, so in philosophy, a fallacy refers to a deceptive, false or… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the fallacy of composition CA2(ii)

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the possibility of infinite regress CA2(i)

Many people, when they first learn about the cosmological argument in its basic form raise an immediate objection: Who caused God?  While this is an entirely valid criticism, we need to understand this objection in more detail. Let’s focus on Aquinas’ second way which argues that everything has a cause and since nothing can cause… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the possibility of infinite regress CA2(i)