Arguments for the existence of God based on observation

Arguments based on observation                   (Philosophy of Religion 2a) In the teleological argument, what does teleological mean? In the cosmological argument, what does cosmological mean? What a posteriori knowledge? What is a priori knowledge? What is natural theology? How does a study of natural theology link to knowledge… Read More Arguments for the existence of God based on observation

Religious responses to the rise of atheism: empiricism (AP6)

The empiricists claim that since knowledge can only come from the senses and there is no sensory information about God, knowing anything about God, including God’s existence is impossible. However, theists have made number of responses to this, the first of which focuses on Ayer’s Verification Principle. Ayer argued that religious language was meaningless as… Read More Religious responses to the rise of atheism: empiricism (AP6)

The value of the cosmological argument for faith CA3

In previous posts, our attention has been on the cosmological argument, its strengths and weaknesses, its proposition and objections.  In this final post, we leave that discussion behind us a little to consider what value the argument has when we think of religious faith. Does the argument strengthen faith?  Or does it weaken faith?  Could… Read More The value of the cosmological argument for faith CA3

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – going beyond the evidence CA2(iii)

The Cosmological Argument is an a posteriori argument, meaning it follows on after evidence.  It is an argument based on evidence.  In this case, the evidence presented to us is in the form of observations of the world around us, observations of motion, causation and contingency. Aquinas essentially argues that all of these observations need explaining.… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – going beyond the evidence CA2(iii)

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the fallacy of composition CA2(ii)

This objection states that the cosmological arguments commits a fallacy of composition. What is a fallacy of composition and how does it relate to the cosmological argument? Firstly, the word fallacy.  A fallacy is a false idea, belief or notion.  It literally means ‘a deception’, so in philosophy, a fallacy refers to a deceptive, false or… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the fallacy of composition CA2(ii)

Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the possibility of infinite regress CA2(i)

Many people, when they first learn about the cosmological argument in its basic form raise an immediate objection: Who caused God?  While this is an entirely valid criticism, we need to understand this objection in more detail. Let’s focus on Aquinas’ second way which argues that everything has a cause and since nothing can cause… Read More Objections to the Cosmological Argument – the possibility of infinite regress CA2(i)